Onions

onions!!!!!!

-well drained slightly acidic soil…FULL SUN
- plant in spring
- plant 12- 15 inches apart
- cover with 1/2 - 3/4 of soil (1- 1 1/2 for onion sets)
- 1 inch of water per week,
- pull weeds to reduce competiton for nutrients, water etc, mulch also works well
- if flower stocks appear, cut them to maintain bulb growth
- compatible plants: Planting chamomile and summer savory with onions improves their flavor. Other companions are carrot, leek, beets, kohlrabi, strawberries, brassicas, dill, lettuce and tomatoes. Intercropping onions and leeks with your carrots confuses the carrot and onion flies! Onions planted with strawberries help the berries fight disease. Keep onions away from peas.
- Harvest onions when the tops have fallen over and dried. On sunny, breezy days, onions may be pulled and left in the garden for a day or two to dry before they are taken to a curing area. Curing must take place for the onions to be stored for any length of time. Cure onions by placing them in a warm, well-ventilated area until the necks are thoroughly dry. With warm temperatures, good air circulation and low humidity, curing should be completed within two weeks after harvest. Onions are best stored in a cool moderately dry area in ventilated containers.
- disease - Downy mildew, purple blotch and Botrytis leaf blight are common fungal diseases, causing leaf spotting and discolouration treatement: Destroy diseased onion leaves and discarded bulbs at harvest time. Dry cooking onions properly for winter storage to discourage bulb rot.
- Onion maggots can cause severe damage every year in some areas but not in others. Be guided by local experience. In May, the first-generation flies lay their eggs near onion plants, seldom near leeks. The white maggots attack the lower stem of the plant soon afterwards and tunnel inside, killing many plants. Yellowing of leaves is usually the first sign of a problem, and indicates that maggots are feeding on the roots. Maggots from second generation flies cause less damage during late July and early August and plants are seldom killed. The last generation eggs hatch in mid-September. treatment: Plant onion sets (small, dormant bulb) after June 1 to escape most first-generation maggots. Do not sow seeds at this time, as it is too late. Buy sets early and store them in a refrigerator to keep them in good condition until planting time. If all affected onions are collected and destroyed, there will be very few maggots to overwinter.
- Thrips cause stippling or streaking on leaves. The small insects are seldom observed but can be found in the centre of the plant or in the folds of the leaf. treatment: Watering will help reduce thrips populations

that was super long, i know, but cpying is sooo much easier!

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