Size: Varies with variety. Most are about 12 - 36" spread, 12 - 24" height
Exposure: Full sun

Days to Harvest: Approximately 2 months, depending on temperature

Harvesting: You can harvest very young leaves to use fresh in salads or allow plants to mature and use as a cooked green. Harvest older leaves by removing the larger, outer leaves and allowing the center of the plant to continue producing. Kale will be good throughout the summer months, but especially good after a frost.

place it in the refrigerator and keep it moist but not sealed. It can retain it’s crispness this way for a week or two.

Pests: Kale is relatively pest free, but can be susceptible to : black rot and club root as well as aphids, cabbage loopers, cabbageworm, cutworms and flea beetles. The best defense is to provide good growing conditions and keep the plants healthy.

Soil: rich soil, high in organic matter and slightly acidic (5.5 - 6.5 pH). You’re growing it for the foliage, so a high nitrogen content is good.

Seeding: Kale can be direct seeded in the garden or started indoors and set out as transplants. Start plants indoors about 6 weeks before your last expected frost date. Kale seeds germinate quickly in warm soil and should be up within 5 - 8 days.

Transplant seedlings after danger of frost.

Spacing and Depth: about 16" spacing between plants. This gives them room to spread out and still allows for air circulation.
1/2 inch soil on top..(depth)

You can direct seed in cold climates, in the spring, as soon as the soil can be worked and the soil temperature is at least 45 degrees F. Kale matures quickly, in about 2 months or less, so if you prefer you can start your plants later or even plant multiple crops in succession. In warm climates, kale can be direct seeded in late summer / early fall, as well as in the spring. A winter crop of kale in warmer climates can be much sweeter than a summer crop.

Keep your kale plants well watered..

Companions: Basil, Beans, Dill, Garlic, Hyssop, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Onion, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Tomato

Do not plant with: Grapes, Rue


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